King Gardner Family History

Genealogy of the King-McCluskey and Gardner-LeBlanc Families

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2951 Transcriptions of tombstones Source (S836)
 
2952 Very little information is available about the family of Mary Ann Harris, wife of William Crewe.

Bill Crant provided the following information (but without Sources) in a post on January 19 2002 (located at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/NFLD-LAB/2002-01/1011470096.)

From: "Bill Crant"
Subject: [NFLD-LAB] HARRIS - Ramea
Date: Sat, 19 Jan 2002 14:54:56 -0500

HARRIS

JAMES HARRIS came to Ramea, probably in the early 1840's, with his two children. Whether he came from some community farther down the coast or from Burgeo cannot be determined. In any case he was almost certainly a relative of the Harrises who had settled on Hunts Island. In the Ramea directory for 1864 he was listed as a dealer. Very likely he was an agent for Burgeo business interests and this perhaps explains why he came to Ramea in the first place. By 1871, the Harrises had left the island and settled elsewhere, perhaps Burgeo.

JAMES HARRIS, widower, b.
Children -
JAMES, b. (see below)
MARY ANN, b. married WILLIAM CREWE, Hunts Island, NF, in 1860 (see p. 6)
(In 188 JAMES HARRIS, widower, married GRACE HATCHER, widow p. J

------------------------------------

JAMES HARRIS, b.
married, in 1858, SARAH CREWE, Hunts Island, NF

[Her brother WILLIAM married JAMES' sister MARY ANN two years later (see above)]

Children -
CAROLINE, b. 1861, married JOHN CREWE, Hunts Is., in 1880
MARTHA ANN, b. 1864

After JAMES died SARAH married ROBERT STRICKLAND, Burgeo, NF

Page 29

End of Harris the First Wave

Bill Crant
Founder - Newfoundland's Grand Banks

Joseph Small's 1925 Diary of Burgeo has the following passages regarding a James Harris:

1. Benjamin Harris and his brother, John, came from Grole. … John Harris, I know little about except that he moved to Brazil in, say 1870, with his two sons, George and James.

2. They [William Crewe and his wife] had a daughter who first married James Harris of Ramea. Her second husband was Robert Strickland.

3. Two of the daughters [of Robert Porter and Louise or Amelia Hann] married James and Robert Harris of Our Harbour.

FamilySearch's Newfoundland Vital Statistics, 1753-1893 records the following marriages for James Harris of Ramea in the Burgeo Church of England register:

1. James Harris Widower of Ramea and Grace Hatcher Widow of Ramea on September 12 1849 in Ramea, with witnesses Morgan Kippen and William Cook Scott

2. James Harris Widower of Ramea and Sarah Crew Spinster of Hunts Island on October 20 1858 in Lower Burgeo, with witnesses Robert H Dawe and William Crew

Newfoundland and Labrador GenWeb's Hutchinson's 1864-1865 Directory for Hunt's Harbour lists the following Harris': Benjamin, George, James, and John. (They are likely the families of Benjamin Harris, John Harris, and their sons; originally from Grole.) It also lists 2 William Crewe's (presumably Senior and Junior). All are fishermen.

Newfoundland's Grand Banks Hutchinson's 1864-1865 Directory for Ramea Island lists James Harris and William Crew, both fishermen.

Newfoundland's Grand Banks Lovell's 1871 Directory has the following Harris' listed in the Burgeo West District: John (Planter) in Brazil, Benjamin (Planter) in Lower Burgeo, George (Fisherman) in New Harbour (Burgeo), and Robert (Planter) in West Point. There are no Harris' in Ramea.

Newfoundland's Grand Banks Lovell's 1871 Directory for Deer Island lists William Carew (sic) senior and William Carew (sic) junior, both Fishermen.

Note the following:

1. The marriages of James Harris of Ramea in 1849 and 1858 both record him as Widowed.

2. Hutchinson's 1864-1865 Directory records James Harris of Ramea as a Fisherman, not as a Dealer.

3. There is no James Harris in Lovell's 1871 Directory for Ramea or anywhere in the Burgeo and LaPoile District.

Sarah Crewe, widow of James Harris, married Robert Strickland (although the date is unknown). James Harris, husband of Sarah Crewe, died after the conception of his daughter Martha Ann baptized May 23 1864 and after being enumerated for the Hutchinson's 1864-1865 Directory. James Harris likely died before the enumeration for Lovell's 1871 Directory as he is not included in it and certainly died before Sarah Crewe's marriage to Robert Strickland.

Was there one James Harris residing in Ramea circa 1850-1870 or two; namely father James Harris and son James Harris? If only one, is Mary Ann Harris the daughter or sister of James Harris?

If there are two James Harris’, both father and son who married in 1849 and 1858 are widowed. There is no record of a James Harris Bachelor being married before 1858 in Burgeo Church of England. If only one James Harris died before 1871, then the other James Harris should appear in Lovell's 1871 Directory. There is no James Harris in Lovell's 1871 Directory. So, if there are a father and son James Harris, they both are widowed and likely die between 1864 and 1871. This is possible, but would seem to be an unusual occurrence.

If there is one James Harris, he married both Grace Hatcher and Sarah Crewe, and likely died between 1864 and 1871. Sarah Crewe is born about 1832, and is about age 26 when she marries James Harris. Mary Ann Harris, daughter of James Harris, is born about 1840. Assuming James Harris is about age 25 at the time of Mary Ann Harris' birth, then he is born about 1815 and is about 17 years older than Sarah Crewe. This is possible, but an unusual age difference.

Based on currently available evidence, no conclusion can reasonably be made as to there being one or two James Harris’. 
HARRIS, James (I4899)
 
2953 Viewed at Burnaby Family History Centre Source (S577)
 
2954 Viewed at Burnaby, BC Family History Centre Source (S308)
 
2955 Viewed at Burnaby, BC Family History Centre Source (S883)
 
2956 Viewed July 29 2001 Source (S918)
 
2957 Vol 101 Baptisms 1842-1891 and Marriages 1842-1891 Source (S959)
 
2958 Vol 105 Baptisms 1851-1891
Named Sound Island in E.R. Seary's Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland 
Source (S1496)
 
2959 Vol 107 Baptisms 1860-1891 and Marriages 1860-1891 Source (S1011)
 
2960 Vol 108A Baptisms 1817-1859 Source (S1042)
 
2961 Vol 108A Grand Bank Methodist Baptisms 1817-1859
Newfoundland & Labrador GenWeb refers to as Greater Lamaline Area - Methodist Baptism Records (1816-1856) in Burin Peninsula Region - Grand Bank / Lawn District
FamilySearch's Newfoundland, Vital Statistics, 1753-1893 - Burin - Grand Bank (Methodist) Vol 108A does not contain the baptisms attributed to this Source.
This transcription may contain some PRC baptisms as well. 
Source (S629)
 
2962 Vol 113 Baptisms 1847-1881
Vol 114 Marriages 1850-1882 
Source (S1066)
 
2963 Vol 115 Baptisms 1842-1869
Vol 116 Baptisms 1870-1879
Vol 117 Baptisms 1880-1890
Note: All volumes reviewed October/2014 
Source (S991)
 
2964 Vol 22 Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials 1882-1891 Source (S848)
 
2965 Vol 28 Baptisms 1868-1892
Vol 29 Baptisms 1856-1868
Vol 30 Baptisms 1830-1840
Vol 30A Marriages 1830-1892 
Source (S864)
 
2966 Vol 34-36 Baptisms 1801-1891
Vol 36A Marriages 1837-1892 
Source (S1065)
 
2967 Vol 37 Baptisms 1860-1891
Vol 37 Marriages 1860-1891 
Source (S948)
 
2968 Vol 44 and 45 Baptisms 1854-1890
Vol 45 Marriages 1890-1891
Vol 45A Marriages 1776-1833
Vol 45B Marriages 1831-1890 
Source (S857)
 
2969 Vol 46 Baptisms 1860-1891 and Marriages 1860-1891 Source (S290)
 
2970 Vol 48-50 Baptisms 1793-1891
Vol 50A Marriages 1794-1891 
Source (S295)
 
2971 Vol 51 Baptisms & Marriages 1883-1891 Source (S1572)
 
2972 Vol 52 Baptisms 1852-1892
Vol 52A Baptisms 1816-1852
Vol 52B Marriages 1816-1891 
Source (S887)
 
2973 Vol 59 Baptisms 1875-1891
Vol 59A Baptisms 1824-1874
Vol 59 Marriages 1825-1891 
Source (S601)
 
2974 Vol 60 Baptisms 1873-1891 and Marriages 1879-1891 Source (S607)
 
2975 Vol 61 Baptisms 1883-1892 and Marriages 1879-1894 Source (S610)
 
2976 Vol 66 Baptisms 1834-1891
Vol 67 Marriages 1833-1891 
Source (S926)
 
2977 Vol 66 Baptisms 1864-1892 and Marriages 1864-1892 Source (S925)
 
2978 Vol 75 Baptisms 1851-1869
Vol 76 Baptisms 1815-1850
Vol 78 Baptisms 1870-1890
Vol 78A Marriages 1815-1890 
Source (S862)
 
2979 Vol 77 Births 1862-1892 and Marriages 1862-1892 Source (S598)
 
2980 Vol 79 Baptisms 1862-1892 & Marriages 1862-1902 Source (S208)
 
2981 Vol 84 Baptisms 1861-1891 and Marriages 1862-1891 Source (S1575)
 
2982 Vol 88 Baptisms 1842-1891
Vol 89 Marriages 1889-1891
Vol 89A Marriages 1867-1889 
Source (S877)
 
2983 Vol 91 Baptisms 1865-1891 and Marriages 1867-1891 Source (S657)
 
2984 Vol 93 Baptisms 1853-1891
Vol 93 Marriages 1871-1891 
Source (S1034)
 
2985 Vol 99 Baptisms 1860-1891 and Marriages 1860-1891 Source (S1019)
 
2986 Vol. 63 Marriages 1862-1891
Vol. 64 Births 1823-1860
Vol. 64A Births 1753-1823
Vol. 64B Marriages 1757-1839
Vol. 64C Marriages 1839-1891 
Source (S1369)
 
2987 Volume 26A Baptisms 1848-1870
Volume 26B Baptisms 1796-1848
Volume 26C Baptisms 1753-1791
Volume 26D Marriages 1835-1891
Volume 26E Marriages 1754-1834 
Source (S842)
 
2988 Volume 62 Baptisms 1861-1891
Volume 62 Marriages 1862-1891 
Source (S1894)
 
2989 Volume 68 Baptisms 1880-1891 Source (S1893)
 
2990 Volume II 1889 Pages 165-194 and Volume III 1890 Pages 5-134 Source (S1304)
 
2991 W. J. Brain, M.A., Rector, St. Michael & All Angels Church, Toronto Source (S210)
 
2992 Who are the parents of John King, husband of Susanna Whelan? There are at least 3 candidates:

1. Jonathan, son of John and Mary King of Catalina, born June 9 1844
2. John Thomas, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon of Bradley's Cove, born February 13 1846
3. John, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike of Little Catalina, born November 20 1855

The witnesses to the marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan were Thomas King and Mark Dalton. Having Thomas King as a witness favours John King being the son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

John King, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike, was born November 20 1855. The marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan occurred June 11 1874 when John King, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike, was 18. This seems unusually young to marry. John King and Susanna Whelan's first child was born August 13 1875; so there was no need to rush their marriage due to pregnancy. This disfavours John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, being the son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

The siblings of John King, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon, include 2 sisters named Mahala, a sister named Susanna Pike, and a brother named Benjamin. John King and Susanna Whelan named two of their three children Mahala and Benjamin. The use of such uncommon names favours John King being the son of William King and Susanna Wheadon. The use of these forenames likely indicates the presence of William King, husband of Susanna Wheadon, in Little Catalina.

Benjamin Snelgrove is the full forename of John King and Susanna Whelan's son. William King of Little Catalina married Maria Snelgrove Johnson of Little Catalina on May 2 1847 in Little Catalina. The use of Snelgrove as Benjamin's middle name suggestts a relationship between John King, husband of Susanna Whalen, and William King, husband of Maria Snelgrove Johnson. It is likely William King, widower of Susanna Wheadon, married Maria Snelgrove Johnson. There is no known use of Snelgrove as a middle name and no ancestor surnamed Snelgrove in the known ancestors of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

William King, husband of Susanna Wheadon, is the son of John King and Ann Pike? of Bradley's Cove. Thus, Thomas Pike King, husband of Emily Julia Pike, is William King's brother and the uncle of William King and Susanna Wheadon's son John Thomas. This relationship may explain why Thomas King was a witness at the marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan.

Newfoundland's Grand Banks records a transcription of the Catalina Methodist burials which include the burial of John King age 37 on April 14 1882, implying he was born about 1844. The transcription of the Catalina Methodist burials continues until June 1936 and does not record the burial of another John King.

As John King and Susanna Whelan had no children after 1879 and there is no evidence of the burial of another John King in Catalina or Little Catalina after 1882, John King age 37 buried 1882 may be the husband of Susanna Whelan. If so, John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, was born about 1844.

FamilySearch's Newfoundland Vital Statistics, 1753-1893 has one baptism of a John (or variant spelling) King in Catalina or Little Catalina between 1839 and 1849; namely Jonathan, son of John and Mary King born June 9 1844 in Catalina. But, John and Mary King had later children (i.e. Jane in 1846, Peter in 1848, and Mary Jane in 1853) born in Greenspond indicating they left Catalina.

So, on balance, it is likely John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, is John Thomas, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon of Bradley's Cove. It is also likely the Catalina Methodist burial of John King age 37 in 1882 was for John Thomas King, husband of Susanna Whelan. 
KING, John Thomas (I5187)
 
2993 Who is Elizabeth Goodger buried September 16 1827 age 7 days ‘"of this parish’" at Harbour Grace Church of England? Elizabeth could be the daughter of John and Elizabeth or of Richard and Patience. James and Susanna reside in Bryant’s Cove in 1827, and so are unlikely to be Elizabeth’'s parents.

The name Elizabeth suggests John and Elizabeth, and there is a 4 ½ year gap between the births of their children Edward (born April 1825) and Prudence (born September 1829). Elizabeth Whelan’'s parents may be Thomas and Elizabeth Whelan. If so, it is reasonable that John and Elizabeth would name their first born daughter Elizabeth.

Also, I believe Thomas buried December 16 1827 age 1 year ‘of this parish’ to be the son of Richard and Patience. It seems a little unlikely Richard and Patience would have a son (Thomas) born sometime in 1826, and then a daughter born in September 1827.

Thus, it is reasonable to believe Elizabeth Goodger buried September 16 1827 age 7 days is the daughter of John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan. Elizabeth probably died before John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan could have her baptized. 
GUDGER, Elizabeth (I3576)
 
2994 Who was Mary Goodger, spinster of Harbour Grace, who married William Adams, bachelor of Harbour Grace, in March 1841 at Harbour Grace Church of England? The witnesses were Joseph Courage and James Nichels(?).

William Adams of Harbour Grace died January 19 1849, but his age is not recorded in his burial record. Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, married James Higgins, bachelor of Harbour Grace, October 7 1851 in Harbour Grace. The witnesses were George Sheppard and Frances Dear. Was Mary Adams who married James Higgins the Mary Goodger who had married William Adams in March 1841?

Possible candidates for Mary Gudger are:
1. Mary, daughter of Richard Gudger and Patience, born August 16 1814 Harbour Grace
2. Mary, daughter of James Gudger and Susanna French, born June 10 1821 Bryant’s Cove

William and Mary Adams had daughter Elizabeth (born February 4 1842), son Richard Henry (born January 27 1844), and son William (born May 24 1846). There were no further children of William and Mary Adams baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

James and Mary Higgins had daughters Emma Jane (baptized June 3 1855) and Patience Maria (baptized August 8 1858). There were no further children of James and Mary Higgins baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

The available Harbour Grace Church of England records support the conclusion that Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, who married James Higgins was Mary Goodger who had married William Adams.

1. William, last known child of William and Mary Adams, was born May 24 1846 in Harbour Grace.

2. William Adams of Harbour Grace died January 19 1849 in Harbour Grace.

3. No further children of William and Mary Adams were baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England after 1849.

4. Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, married James Higgins October 7 1851 at Harbour Grace.

5. The only other Harbour Grace Church of England burial for a William Adams of Harbour Grace occurred May 1 1861. This William Adams was 15 years old, implying he was born about 1845 to 1846. Obviously, he was not the husband of Mary Goodger. He is most likely the son of William and Mary Adams who was born May 24 1846.

So, it is reasonable to conclude it was Mary Goodger who was the Mary Adams, widow, who married James Higgins October 7 1851 at Harbour Grace.

There is evidence that at least some children of Mary (Goodger) Adams/Higgins remained in Harbour Grace.

1. Elizabeth Adams, spinster of Harbour Grace married Tobias Shepherd, bachelor of Harbour Grace, December 19 1867 at Harbour Grace. The witnesses were George Shephard and Rose Ann Noel. Tobias and Elizabeth Shepherd had the following children baptized in Harbour Grace: Albert (baptized November 25 1868), Eldred (baptized March 30 1870), and Elkanah (baptized July 30 1871). There were no further children of Tobias and Elizabeth Shepherd baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

2. The Stonepics Index has an entry for ‘Sheppard, Tobias (1905) & Albert’ in Harbour Grace South Side (i.e. located on NF126 HAG13). The combination of Tobias and Albert indicates this entry is likely for Tobias, husband of Elizabeth Adams, and their son Albert. The Death Registration for Tobias Sheppard records his death on November 14 1905 in Harbour Grace at age 64. He was born and buried in Harbour Grace South. Tobias'’ age of 64 implies a year of birth about 1841 which is consistent with the birth of Isaac Tobias, son of John and Maria Shephard of Harbour Grace, on February 11 1842.

3. Patience Maria Higgins, spinster of Harbour Grace, married Moses Shepherd, bachelor of Harbour Grace, on August 27 1871 at Harbour Grace. The witnesses were Henry (Gosse or Jones?) & (Theresa?) Gosse. Moses and Patience Shepherd had the following child baptized in Harbour Grace: Abijah (baptized June 23 1872).

4. Jacob Adams, bachelor of Harbour Grace married Caroline Weeks, of Harbour Grace, May 31 1878 at Harbour Grace. One witness was Emma Jane Higgins (daughter of James and Mary Higgins).

So, it seems reasonable to conclude that Mary (Goodger) Adams/Higgins remained in Harbour Grace.

There is a burial for Mary Higgins April 21 1890 age 76 of Harbour Grace South Side at Harbour Grace St. Peter’s Church of England.

The Harbour Grace Church of England only records baptisms for one mother named Mary Higgins; namely daughters Emma Jane and Patience Maria of James and Mary Higgins.

There are no Mary Higgins, but three Mary Anne Higgins, baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England up to and including 1827. These three Mary Anne Higgins were born between 1818 and 1821, and could be the Mary Higgins buried in 1890 (assuming she was unmarried).

There are the following marriages at Harbour Grace Church of England for:
1. Mary Higgins, spinster, and Nathaniel Sheppard on December 26 1839
2. Mary Ann Higgins and James Bray on January 17 1842

Mary Ann Higgins witnessed the marriage of Frederick James Dancey and Mary Ann Whiting on September 28 1844. This is after the dates of the above marriages in 1839 and 1842. But, there is a burial for Mary-Ann Higgins on March 30 1845 age 25 of Harbour Grace who may be this Mary Ann Higgins.

So, of the three Mary Anne Higgins baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England up to and including 1827, two may have married and one may have died in 1845. So, the Mary Higgins who died in 1890 may have been a widow. If so, she was very likely the widow of James Higgins.

The first Gudger baptism at St. Stephens Church of England, Greenspond occurs August 14 1832 (for Richard, son of John and Elizabeth Goodens). The last Gudger event for John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan of Harbour Grace South Side is the baptism of their daughter Prudence on October 2 1829 at Harbour Grace Church of England. So, John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan of Harbour Grace South Side left Harbour Grace sometime after October 1829, and arrived at Cat Harbour sometime before September 1831 (as son Richard'’s place of birth is recorded as Cat Harbour).

I have previously concluded James Goodyear in the 1836 Census of Cat Harbour is the husband of Susanna French. See Notes for James Gudger, husband of Susanna French, for more detail.

It is reasonable to conclude John Gudger and James Gudger travelled at the same time from Harbour Grace to Cat Harbour (based on the letter from Thomas H. Goodyear dated March 19 1995 and the Known History of the Goodyear Family Presently Living at Grand Falls written by Josiah Goodyear in 1964 or 1965).

It is difficult to believe James Gudger left his daughter Mary in Harbour Grace when he moved to Cat Harbour as Mary was less than 10 years old when the move occurred. However, James’' daughters Sarah (baptized January 3 1814) and Susanna (born September 24 1816) were older and may have been able to obtain employment.

In the 1836 Census of Cat Harbour, James Gudger’'s family consists of 1 Female 14 to 60 and no other Females. As James’ wife Susanna died in 1829, this Female is likely one of his daughters Sarah, Susanna, or Mary; or perhaps a second wife if James re-married.

The burial for Mary Higgins on April 21 1890 age 76 of Harbour Grace South Side implies this Mary was born about 1813 to 1814. This is consistent with the birth of Mary, daughter of Richard Gudger and Patience, on August 16 1814. 
GUDGER, Mary (I3520)
 
2995 Will:
Cape Breton - Will books, 1867-1886, W-Y15 - Image 382-384 0f 432
Estate Administration:
Cape Breton - Estate Files, 1879-1884, AA9-AC - Image 539-567 of 732
Date of Will: October 11 1883
Approval of Executor: April 23 1885 
Source (S1868)
 
2996 William Adams may be the son of James and Frances Adams baptized September 18 1806 age 4 of Upper Island Cove (born about 1801 to 1802). This is the only baptism for a William Adams at Harbour Grace Church of England from 1775 to 1825. ADAMS, William (I3555)
 
2997 William G. Leftly was a witness at the marriage of Ann Pavitt and Robert Gardner on May 12, 1841 at Saint Mary, Luton. The other witness was Eliza Pavitt. LEFTLY, William George (I2667)
 
2998 William Gardener buried November 19, 1830 at age 63 in St. Mary's, Luton was born about 1767. There is no tombstone for this William Gardner at St. Mary's. This William Gardener's approximate year of birth is consistent with the baptism of William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner/Garner, on January 15, 1768 in St. Mary's, Luton. So, William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner/Garner, is a candidate to be William Gardner, husband of Sarah.

John and Elizabeth Gardner resided in Luton for a long period of time based on events at St. Mary's. These include the baptisms of their six known children from 1768 to 1779; the burial of Elizabeth, wife of John Gardner, in 1786; the marriage of John Gardner to Jane Stephens/Stevens in 1790; the burial of Sarah, daughter of William and Sarah Gardner, in 1797; and the burial of Jane, wife of John Gardner Senior, in 1805.

As well, there is a burial for John Gardener in 1816 at age 78 at St. Mary's, implying an approximate year of birth about 1737 to 1738. John Gardner's approximate year of birth is consistent with the birth of the six known children of John and Elizabeth Gardner, from 1768 to 1779; and the approximate year of birth of 1745 for John Gardner's second wife Jane Stephens/Stevens who was buried in January 1805 at age 59. So, it is likely the John Gardener buried in 1816 at age 78 is the husband of Elizabeth and of Jane Stephens/Stevens.

With this indication John Gardner resided in Luton during all of his adult years, it is reasonable to believe at least some of his children remained in Luton. It is then reasonable to believe his son William remained in Luton as there is a burial for a William Gardner which is consistent with the baptism of William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner. It is preferable to have further supporting evidence.

FamilySearch's Bedfordshire Parish Registers, 1538-1983 does not record the baptism of a John Gard[e/i]ner between 1730 and 1750.

FamilySearch's England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 records many baptisms of a John Gard[e/i]ner between 1730 and 1750 with 4 in Bedfordshire:

1. John, son of Henry and Sarah Gardiner, baptized September 12 1742 in Caddington
2. John, son of William and Susan Gardiner, born August 14 1746 in Kempston
3. John, son of John and Mary Gardiner, baptized December 20 1747 in Elstow
4. John, son of John and Ann Gardner, baptized October 4 1749 in Kempston

Luton is 3 km northeast of Caddington, 16 km south of Elstow, and 27 km south of Kempston.

The Caddington John Gard[e/i]ner is closest in age and location, but about 5 years too young. John and Elizabeth Gardner had no sons named Henry, but their second daughter is named Sarah. 
GARDNER, John (I5160)
 
2999 William Gardner's Monument Inscription in St. Mary's Church, Luton states: Sacred to the Memory of WILLIAM GARDNER, who departed this life August 23rd, 1847, aged 58 years. Also near this place lie seven of his children.

A description of the Luton Union Workhouse from The Workhouse website located at http://www.workhouses.org.uk/Luton/ states:

The composition of the new Luton Poor Law Union was the subject of intensive lobbying by one of the principal landowners in the area, the Marquis of Bute. Like many large landowners, Lord Bute was keen for his estates to fall within a single moderately-sized union, so as to maximise his influence on the new Board of Guardians. The new Luton union was officially formed on 16th April 1835. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 21 in number, representing its 15 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one):

County of Bedford: Barton in the Clay, Caddington — part of, Dunstable (2), Eaton Bray (until 1845), Houghton Regis (2), Humbershoe, Luton (5), Streatley with Sharpenhoe, Studham - part of, Sundon, Totternhoe, Whipsnade.
County of Hertford: Caddington - part of (2), Kensworth, Studham - part of.
Later Additions (all from 1896): Hyde, Leagrave, Limbury, Stopsley,.

The population falling within the Union at the 1831 census had been 15,483 with parishes ranging in size from from Whipsnade (population 204) to Luton itself (5,683). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1831-34 had been £9,016 or 11s.8d. per head of the population.

At its first meeting, the Board elected the Marquis of Bute as its Chairman. Lord Bute donated a piece of land on which to erect a new workhouse at the west side of Dunstable Road. The Poor Law Commissioners authorised an expenditure of £4,655 on construction of the building which opened in 1836 and was to accommodate up to 300 inmates. The building, designed by John Williams, had an unusual plan which combined elements of two other popular layouts - Sampson Kempthorne's square plan and the courtyard plan devised by Sir Francis Head. The original structure had a courtyard-style outer perimeter of two-storeyed accommodation ranges, rooms in the upper storey being accessed by cast-iron galleries attached to the inner sides. The centre of entrance block on Dunstable Road formed the eastern side of a quadrangle and contained the Guardians' board room, offices etc. Males were accommodated at the north side of the workhouse, and females at the south. 
GARDNER, William (I2126)
 
3000 William is recorded as a Bachelor, and Elizabeth as a Spinster. Their marriage was by banns. The witnesses are Mary Cain and Frank Cook. No fathers' names are recorded. Family F843
 

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