King Gardner Family History

Genealogy of the King-McCluskey and Gardner-LeBlanc Families

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3301 Vol 79 Baptisms 1862-1892 & Marriages 1862-1902 Source Source: S208 (S208)
 
3302 Vol 84 Baptisms 1861-1891 and Marriages 1862-1891 Source Source: S1575 (S1575)
 
3303 Vol 88 Baptisms 1842-1891
Vol 89 Marriages 1889-1891
Vol 89A Marriages 1867-1889 
Source Source: S877 (S877)
 
3304 Vol 91 Baptisms 1865-1891 and Marriages 1867-1891 Source Source: S657 (S657)
 
3305 Vol 93 Baptisms 1853-1891
Vol 93 Marriages 1871-1891 
Source Source: S1034 (S1034)
 
3306 Vol 99 Baptisms 1860-1891 and Marriages 1860-1891 Source Source: S1019 (S1019)
 
3307 Vol. 63 Marriages 1862-1891
Vol. 64 Births 1823-1860
Vol. 64A Births 1753-1823
Vol. 64B Marriages 1757-1839
Vol. 64C Marriages 1839-1891 
Source Source: S1369 (S1369)
 
3308 Volume 26A Baptisms 1848-1870
Volume 26B Baptisms 1796-1848
Volume 26C Baptisms 1753-1791
Volume 26D Marriages 1835-1891
Volume 26E Marriages 1754-1834 
Source Source: S842 (S842)
 
3309 Volume 62 Baptisms 1861-1891
Volume 62 Marriages 1862-1891 
Source Source: S1894 (S1894)
 
3310 Volume 68 Baptisms 1880-1891 Source Source: S1893 (S1893)
 
3311 Volume II 1889 Pages 165-194 and Volume III 1890 Pages 5-134 Source Source: S1304 (S1304)
 
3312 W. J. Brain, M.A., Rector, St. Michael & All Angels Church, Toronto Source Source: S210 (S210)
 
3313 Who are the parents of John King, husband of Susanna Whelan? There are at least 3 candidates:

1. Jonathan, son of John and Mary King of Catalina, born June 9 1844
2. John Thomas, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon of Bradley's Cove, born February 13 1846
3. John, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike of Little Catalina, born November 20 1855

The witnesses to the marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan were Thomas King and Mark Dalton. Having Thomas King as a witness favours John King being the son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

John King, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike, was born November 20 1855. The marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan occurred June 11 1874 when John King, son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike, was 18. This seems unusually young to marry. John King and Susanna Whelan's first child was born August 13 1875; so there was no need to rush their marriage due to pregnancy. This disfavours John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, being the son of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

The siblings of John King, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon, include 2 sisters named Mahala, a sister named Susanna Pike, and a brother named Benjamin. John King and Susanna Whelan named two of their three children Mahala and Benjamin. The use of such uncommon names favours John King being the son of William King and Susanna Wheadon. The use of these forenames likely indicates the presence of William King, husband of Susanna Wheadon, in Little Catalina.

Benjamin Snelgrove is the full forename of John King and Susanna Whelan's son. William King of Little Catalina married Maria Snelgrove Johnson of Little Catalina on May 2 1847 in Little Catalina. The use of Snelgrove as Benjamin's middle name suggests a relationship between John King, husband of Susanna Whalen, and William King, husband of Maria Snelgrove Johnson. It is likely William King, widower of Susanna Wheadon, married Maria Snelgrove Johnson. There is no known use of Snelgrove as a middle name and no ancestor surnamed Snelgrove in the known ancestors of Thomas Pike King and Emily Julia Pike.

William King, husband of Susanna Wheadon, is the son of John King and Ann Pike? of Bradley's Cove. Thus, Thomas Pike King, husband of Emily Julia Pike, is William King's brother and the uncle of William King and Susanna Wheadon's son John Thomas. This relationship may explain why Thomas King was a witness at the marriage of John King and Susanna Whelan.

Newfoundland's Grand Banks records a transcript of Catalina Methodist burials which include the burial of John King age 37 on April 14 1882, implying he was born about 1844. The transcript of the Catalina Methodist burials continues until June 1936 and does not record the burial of another John King.

As John King and Susanna Whelan had no children after 1879 and there is no evidence of the burial of another John King in Catalina or Little Catalina after 1882, John King age 37 buried 1882 may be the husband of Susanna Whelan. If so, John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, was born about 1844.

FamilySearch's Newfoundland Vital Statistics, 1753-1893 has one baptism of a John (or variant spelling) King in Catalina or Little Catalina between 1839 and 1849; namely Jonathan, son of John and Mary King born June 9 1844 in Catalina. But, John and Mary King had later children (i.e. Jane in 1846, Peter in 1848, and Mary Jane in 1853) born in Greenspond indicating they left Catalina.

So, on balance, it is likely John King, husband of Susanna Whelan, is John Thomas, son of William King and Susanna Wheadon of Bradley's Cove. It is also likely the Catalina Methodist burial of John King age 37 in 1882 was for John Thomas King, husband of Susanna Whelan. 
KING, John Thomas (I5187)
 
3314 Who is Elizabeth Goodger buried September 16 1827 age 7 days ‘"of this parish’" at Harbour Grace Church of England? Elizabeth could be the daughter of John and Elizabeth or of Richard and Patience. James and Susanna reside in Bryant’s Cove in 1827, and so are unlikely to be Elizabeth’'s parents.

The name Elizabeth suggests John and Elizabeth, and there is a 4 ½ year gap between the births of their children Edward (born April 1825) and Prudence (born September 1829). Elizabeth Whelan’'s parents may be Thomas and Elizabeth Whelan. If so, it is reasonable that John and Elizabeth would name their first born daughter Elizabeth.

Also, I believe Thomas buried December 16 1827 age 1 year ‘of this parish’ to be the son of Richard and Patience. It seems a little unlikely Richard and Patience would have a son (Thomas) born sometime in 1826, and then a daughter born in September 1827.

Thus, it is reasonable to believe Elizabeth Goodger buried September 16 1827 age 7 days is the daughter of John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan. Elizabeth probably died before John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan could have her baptized. 
GUDGER, Elizabeth (I3576)
 
3315 Who was Mary Goodger, spinster of Harbour Grace, who married William Adams, bachelor of Harbour Grace, in March 1841 at Harbour Grace Church of England? The witnesses were Joseph Courage and James Nichels(?).

William Adams of Harbour Grace died January 19 1849, but his age is not recorded in his burial record. Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, married James Higgins, bachelor of Harbour Grace, October 7 1851 in Harbour Grace. The witnesses were George Sheppard and Frances Dear. Was Mary Adams who married James Higgins the Mary Goodger who had married William Adams in March 1841?

Possible candidates for Mary Gudger are:
1. Mary, daughter of Richard Gudger and Patience, born August 16 1814 Harbour Grace
2. Mary, daughter of James Gudger and Susanna French, born June 10 1821 Bryant’s Cove

William and Mary Adams had daughter Elizabeth (born February 4 1842), son Richard Henry (born January 27 1844), and son William (born May 24 1846). There were no further children of William and Mary Adams baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

James and Mary Higgins had daughters Emma Jane (baptized June 3 1855) and Patience Maria (baptized August 8 1858). There were no further children of James and Mary Higgins baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

The available Harbour Grace Church of England records support the conclusion that Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, who married James Higgins was Mary Goodger who had married William Adams.

1. William, last known child of William and Mary Adams, was born May 24 1846 in Harbour Grace.

2. William Adams of Harbour Grace died January 19 1849 in Harbour Grace.

3. No further children of William and Mary Adams were baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England after 1849.

4. Mary Adams, widow of Harbour Grace, married James Higgins October 7 1851 at Harbour Grace.

5. The only other Harbour Grace Church of England burial for a William Adams of Harbour Grace occurred May 1 1861. This William Adams was 15 years old, implying he was born about 1845 to 1846. Obviously, he was not the husband of Mary Goodger. He is most likely the son of William and Mary Adams who was born May 24 1846.

So, it is reasonable to conclude it was Mary Goodger who was the Mary Adams, widow, who married James Higgins October 7 1851 at Harbour Grace.

There is evidence that at least some children of Mary (Goodger) Adams/Higgins remained in Harbour Grace.

1. Elizabeth Adams, spinster of Harbour Grace married Tobias Shepherd, bachelor of Harbour Grace, December 19 1867 at Harbour Grace. The witnesses were George Shephard and Rose Ann Noel. Tobias and Elizabeth Shepherd had the following children baptized in Harbour Grace: Albert (baptized November 25 1868), Eldred (baptized March 30 1870), and Elkanah (baptized July 30 1871). There were no further children of Tobias and Elizabeth Shepherd baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England.

2. The Stonepics Index has an entry for ‘Sheppard, Tobias (1905) & Albert’ in Harbour Grace South Side (i.e. located on NF126 HAG13). The combination of Tobias and Albert indicates this entry is likely for Tobias, husband of Elizabeth Adams, and their son Albert. The Death Registration for Tobias Sheppard records his death on November 14 1905 in Harbour Grace at age 64. He was born and buried in Harbour Grace South. Tobias'’ age of 64 implies a year of birth about 1841 which is consistent with the birth of Isaac Tobias, son of John and Maria Shephard of Harbour Grace, on February 11 1842.

3. Patience Maria Higgins, spinster of Harbour Grace, married Moses Shepherd, bachelor of Harbour Grace, on August 27 1871 at Harbour Grace. The witnesses were Henry (Gosse or Jones?) & (Theresa?) Gosse. Moses and Patience Shepherd had the following child baptized in Harbour Grace: Abijah (baptized June 23 1872).

4. Jacob Adams, bachelor of Harbour Grace married Caroline Weeks, of Harbour Grace, May 31 1878 at Harbour Grace. One witness was Emma Jane Higgins (daughter of James and Mary Higgins).

So, it seems reasonable to conclude that Mary (Goodger) Adams/Higgins remained in Harbour Grace.

There is a burial for Mary Higgins April 21 1890 age 76 of Harbour Grace South Side at Harbour Grace St. Peter’s Church of England.

The Harbour Grace Church of England only records baptisms for one mother named Mary Higgins; namely daughters Emma Jane and Patience Maria of James and Mary Higgins.

There are no Mary Higgins, but three Mary Anne Higgins, baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England up to and including 1827. These three Mary Anne Higgins were born between 1818 and 1821, and could be the Mary Higgins buried in 1890 (assuming she was unmarried).

There are the following marriages at Harbour Grace Church of England for:
1. Mary Higgins, spinster, and Nathaniel Sheppard on December 26 1839
2. Mary Ann Higgins and James Bray on January 17 1842

Mary Ann Higgins witnessed the marriage of Frederick James Dancey and Mary Ann Whiting on September 28 1844. This is after the dates of the above marriages in 1839 and 1842. But, there is a burial for Mary-Ann Higgins on March 30 1845 age 25 of Harbour Grace who may be this Mary Ann Higgins.

So, of the three Mary Anne Higgins baptized at Harbour Grace Church of England up to and including 1827, two may have married and one may have died in 1845. So, the Mary Higgins who died in 1890 may have been a widow. If so, she was very likely the widow of James Higgins.

The first Gudger baptism at St. Stephens Church of England, Greenspond occurs August 14 1832 (for Richard, son of John and Elizabeth Goodens). The last Gudger event for John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan of Harbour Grace South Side is the baptism of their daughter Prudence on October 2 1829 at Harbour Grace Church of England. So, John Gudger and Elizabeth Whelan of Harbour Grace South Side left Harbour Grace sometime after October 1829, and arrived at Cat Harbour sometime before September 1831 (as son Richard'’s place of birth is recorded as Cat Harbour).

I have previously concluded James Goodyear in the 1836 Census of Cat Harbour is the husband of Susanna French. See Notes for James Gudger, husband of Susanna French, for more detail.

It is reasonable to conclude John Gudger and James Gudger travelled at the same time from Harbour Grace to Cat Harbour (based on the letter from Thomas H. Goodyear dated March 19 1995 and the Known History of the Goodyear Family Presently Living at Grand Falls written by Josiah Goodyear in 1964 or 1965).

It is difficult to believe James Gudger left his daughter Mary in Harbour Grace when he moved to Cat Harbour as Mary was less than 10 years old when the move occurred. However, James’' daughters Sarah (baptized January 3 1814) and Susanna (born September 24 1816) were older and may have been able to obtain employment.

In the 1836 Census of Cat Harbour, James Gudger’'s family consists of 1 Female 14 to 60 and no other Females. As James’ wife Susanna died in 1829, this Female is likely one of his daughters Sarah, Susanna, or Mary; or perhaps a second wife if James re-married.

The burial for Mary Higgins on April 21 1890 age 76 of Harbour Grace South Side implies this Mary was born about 1813 to 1814. This is consistent with the birth of Mary, daughter of Richard Gudger and Patience, on August 16 1814. 
GUDGER, Mary (I3520)
 
3316 Will:
Cape Breton - Will books, 1867-1886, W-Y15 - Image 382-384 0f 432
Estate Administration:
Cape Breton - Estate Files, 1879-1884, AA9-AC - Image 539-567 of 732
Date of Will: October 11 1883
Approval of Executor: April 23 1885 
Source Source: S1868 (S1868)
 
3317 William Adams may be the son of James and Frances Adams baptized September 18 1806 age 4 of Upper Island Cove (born about 1801 to 1802). This is the only baptism for a William Adams at Harbour Grace Church of England from 1775 to 1825. ADAMS, William (I3555)
 
3318 William G. Leftly was a witness at the marriage of Ann Pavitt and Robert Gardner on May 12, 1841 at Saint Mary, Luton. The other witness was Eliza Pavitt. LEFTLY, William George (I2667)
 
3319 William Gardener buried November 19, 1830 at age 63 in St. Mary's, Luton was born about 1767. There is no tombstone for this William Gardner at St. Mary's. This William Gardener's approximate year of birth is consistent with the baptism of William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner/Garner, on January 15, 1768 in St. Mary's, Luton. So, William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner/Garner, is a candidate to be William Gardner, husband of Sarah.

John and Elizabeth Gardner resided in Luton for a long period of time based on events at St. Mary's. These include the baptisms of their six known children from 1768 to 1779; the burial of Elizabeth, wife of John Gardner, in 1786; the marriage of John Gardner to Jane Stephens/Stevens in 1790; the burial of Sarah, daughter of William and Sarah Gardner, in 1797; and the burial of Jane, wife of John Gardner Senior, in 1805.

As well, there is a burial for John Gardener in 1816 at age 78 at St. Mary's, implying an approximate year of birth about 1737 to 1738. John Gardner's approximate year of birth is consistent with the birth of the six known children of John and Elizabeth Gardner, from 1768 to 1779; and the approximate year of birth of 1745 for John Gardner's second wife Jane Stephens/Stevens who was buried in January 1805 at age 59. So, it is likely the John Gardener buried in 1816 at age 78 is the husband of Elizabeth and of Jane Stephens/Stevens.

With this indication John Gardner resided in Luton during all of his adult years, it is reasonable to believe at least some of his children remained in Luton. It is then reasonable to believe his son William remained in Luton as there is a burial for a William Gardner which is consistent with the baptism of William, son of John and Elizabeth Gardner. It is preferable to have further supporting evidence.

FamilySearch's Bedfordshire Parish Registers, 1538-1983 does not record the baptism of a John Gard[e/i]ner between 1730 and 1750.

FamilySearch's England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 records many baptisms of a John Gard[e/i]ner between 1730 and 1750 with 4 in Bedfordshire:

1. John, son of Henry and Sarah Gardiner, baptized September 12 1742 in Caddington
2. John, son of William and Susan Gardiner, born August 14 1746 in Kempston
3. John, son of John and Mary Gardiner, baptized December 20 1747 in Elstow
4. John, son of John and Ann Gardner, baptized October 4 1749 in Kempston

Luton is 3 km northeast of Caddington, 16 km south of Elstow, and 27 km south of Kempston.

The Caddington John Gard[e/i]ner is closest in age and location, but about 5 years too young. John and Elizabeth Gardner had no sons named Henry, but their second daughter is named Sarah. 
GARDNER, John (I5160)
 
3320 William Gardner's Monument Inscription in St. Mary's Church, Luton states: Sacred to the Memory of WILLIAM GARDNER, who departed this life August 23rd, 1847, aged 58 years. Also near this place lie seven of his children.

A description of the Luton Union Workhouse from The Workhouse website located at http://www.workhouses.org.uk/Luton/ states:

The composition of the new Luton Poor Law Union was the subject of intensive lobbying by one of the principal landowners in the area, the Marquis of Bute. Like many large landowners, Lord Bute was keen for his estates to fall within a single moderately-sized union, so as to maximise his influence on the new Board of Guardians. The new Luton union was officially formed on 16th April 1835. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 21 in number, representing its 15 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one):

County of Bedford: Barton in the Clay, Caddington — part of, Dunstable (2), Eaton Bray (until 1845), Houghton Regis (2), Humbershoe, Luton (5), Streatley with Sharpenhoe, Studham - part of, Sundon, Totternhoe, Whipsnade.
County of Hertford: Caddington - part of (2), Kensworth, Studham - part of.
Later Additions (all from 1896): Hyde, Leagrave, Limbury, Stopsley,.

The population falling within the Union at the 1831 census had been 15,483 with parishes ranging in size from from Whipsnade (population 204) to Luton itself (5,683). The average annual poor-rate expenditure for the period 1831-34 had been £9,016 or 11s.8d. per head of the population.

At its first meeting, the Board elected the Marquis of Bute as its Chairman. Lord Bute donated a piece of land on which to erect a new workhouse at the west side of Dunstable Road. The Poor Law Commissioners authorised an expenditure of £4,655 on construction of the building which opened in 1836 and was to accommodate up to 300 inmates. The building, designed by John Williams, had an unusual plan which combined elements of two other popular layouts - Sampson Kempthorne's square plan and the courtyard plan devised by Sir Francis Head. The original structure had a courtyard-style outer perimeter of two-storeyed accommodation ranges, rooms in the upper storey being accessed by cast-iron galleries attached to the inner sides. The centre of entrance block on Dunstable Road formed the eastern side of a quadrangle and contained the Guardians' board room, offices etc. Males were accommodated at the north side of the workhouse, and females at the south. 
GARDNER, William (I2126)
 
3321 William is recorded as a Bachelor, and Elizabeth as a Spinster. Their marriage was by banns. The witnesses are Mary Cain and Frank Cook. No fathers' names are recorded. Family F843
 
3322 William Pate and Agnes Coats named their first known son Thomas, their second known son James, and their third known son William. It was common practice to name the first son after the father's father, the second son after the mother's father, and the third son after the father. Certainly, the third son is named after his father.

William Pate and Agnes Coats named their first known daughter Elizabeth and their second known daughter Anne. Similarly, It was common practice to name the first daughter after the mother's mother, and the second daughter after the father's mother.

Agnes Coats' father was named James and her mother was named Elizabeth which both follow the naming practice described above. So, it is possible William Pate's father was named Thomas and his mother was named Anne.

ScotlandsPeople Old Parish Registers Church of Scotland record of the marriage of William Peat and Agnes Coats states they are "both of Johnstone and this parish". This suggests William Peat was born in Johnstone. The year of birth for William Pate, husband of Agnes Coats, is not known.

ScotlandsPeople Old Parish Registers Church of Scotland records the baptism of only one William Pate in Renfrewshire. He is William, son of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker, born May 26, 1801 in Abbey (Paisley).

ScotlandsPeople Old Parish Registers Church of Scotland records the baptism of Ann, daughter of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker, born February 11 1788 in Abbey (Paisley); identifying her as William's sister.

ScotlandsPeople Old Parish Registers Church of Scotland records the marriage of Ann Peat "of this parish" and Denis Kennedy of Lochwinoch on January 15 1813 at Abbey (Paisley). ScotlandsPeople Statutory Registers records the Death Registration for Ann Kennedy age 71, wife of Dennis Kennedy and daughter of Thomas Peat and Ann Walker, on January 9 1861 in Lochwinnoch, Renfrew. This confirms Ann Peat who married Denis Kennedy in 1813 at Abbey (Paisley) was the daughter of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker.

It seems reasonable to believe William Pate, husband of Agnes Coats, is the son of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker as:
1. The names of the children of William Pate and Agnes Coats suggest William's parents are named Thomas and Ann.
2. There is a William Pate born 1801 in Abbey (Paisley) who is thus of an age consistent with marrying Agnes Coats in 1824. This William is the son of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker.
3. The marriage of William Pate and Agnes Coats states they are "both of Johnstone and this parish". There is only one known William Pate born in Abbey (Paisley) who could marry Agnes Coats; he is the son of Thomas Pate and Ann Walker.
4. William Pate's sister Ann Pate's marriage in Abbey (Paisley) in 1813 states she is "of this parish", indicating at least some of the family remained in Abbey (Paisley) until at least 1813. 
PATE, William (I5285)
 
3323 William, husband of Mary, is recorded in the 1836 Census of Cat Habour. No occupation is recorded for William and he does not have his own dwelling house. His household has 1 Male under 14, 1 Male 14-60 (i.e. William), 1 Female under 14, and 1 Female 14-60 (i.e. William's wife Mary). The 1 Male under 14 and the 1 Female under 14 are not known; William and Mary's first known child John Charles was born in December 1836 which may be before or after this Census. GUDGER, William (I3530)
 
3324 Zepherin (a.k.a. Jeffery) Landry's age is recorded as follows in various Censuses and at his burial:

1838 Census age 6-14, implying year of birth about 1824-1832
1861 Census not found
1871 Census age 44, implying year of birth about 1826-1827
1881 Census not found (may be Heffer and Ann Landry?)
1891 Census age 65, implying year of birth about 1825-1826
1917 Burial age 92, implying year of birth about 1824-1825

Zepherin (a.k.a. Jeffery) Landry's available ages are in a fairly narrow range (1824 to 1827) and is is reasonable to believe his age at burial is likely as accurate as any. 
LANDRY, Zepherin (a.k.a. Jeffery) (I1428)
 

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